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The Early Years Foundation Phase

Our daycare centre follows the government's Early Years Foundation Phase in order to provide the assurance to parents or carers that our care and education provision will keep their children safe and support their learning. The Foundation Phase is very much play based and it is important that the value of play in young children’s learning is acknowledged and explained. It is vital that there are clear aims for young children’s learning within play, as play is an essential ingredient in the curriculum which should be fun and stimulating. Well planned play helps a child to think and make sense of the world around them. Children’s learning is most effective when it arises from first hand experiences, whether spontaneous or structured, and when they are given time to play without interruptions to reach a satisfactory conclusion.

Seven areas of learning and development

The Foundation Phase in Wales is made up of seven areas of Learning and Development.

Those areas are:

  1. Communication, Language and Literacy
  2. Physical
  3. Knowledge and Understanding of the World
  4. Personal and Social
  5. Creative
  6. Welsh Language
  7. Problem solving, reasoning and numeracy

All areas are underpinned by the Principles of the Early Years Foundation Phase.

What are the Early Years Foundation Phase principles?

Theme 1: A Unique Child

Principle: Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be reliant, capable, confident and self-assured.

Theme 2: Positive Relationships

Principle: Children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or key person.

Theme 3: Enabling Environments

Principle:The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children’s development and learning.

Theme 4: Learning and Development

Principle:Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of Learning and Development are equally important and interconnected.

‘Children’s play reflects their wide ranging and varied interests and preoccupations. In their play children learn at their highest level. Play with peers is important for children’s development.’

(Early Years Foundation Stage, 2007)

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